Native Photo Collections
Shoshone Nation
About the Shoshone

The Shoshone arose out of various cultures of indigenous peoples who had been in the territory for thousands of years. The Shoshone language is one of the Uto-Aztecan languages spoken by numerous peoples ranging from the Great Basin to coastal Southern California in present-day United States, and down through central, western and southern Mexico; into Central America and South America.

As more European-American settlers migrated west, tensions rose with the indigenous people. There were wars throughout the second half of the 19th century. The Northern Shoshone, led by Chief Pocatello, fought with settlers in Idaho during the 1860s. As more settlers encroached on Shoshone territory, they raided farms and ranches for food, and attacked migrants. The warfare resulted in the Bear River Massacre (1863), when US forces trapped and killed an estimated 350-500 Northwestern Shoshone, including women and children, who were at their winter encampment. This was the highest number of deaths which the Shoshone suffered by the forces of the United States.

Allied with the Bannock, to whom they were related, the Shoshone fought against the US in the Snake War from 1864–1868. They fought US forces together in 1878 in the Bannock War. In 1876, by contrast, the Shoshone fought alongside the U.S. Army in the Battle of the Rosebud, as it was against their traditional enemies, the Lakota and Cheyenne. READ MORE @ WIKIPEDIA >>


Our hands of gratitude and thanks go up to Jonathan Holmes of the Native American Indian - Old Photos organization on Facebook for the invaluable pictures you see here. Jonathan's tireless efforts to collect and provide images of native americana to all is unparalleled!